By Roy Sorensen
"A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful selection of puzzles and paradoxes, either old and modern, through thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking idea from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled attention-grabbing "maths" from open air the school room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual support whilst learn in clusters. the amount levels from uncomplicated examples to anomalous anomalies, considers info that turns out to verify a generalization whereas decreasing its chance, and argues that we're doomed to think infinitely many contradictions-and that the ache of contradictions should be profoundly stimulating. inside of this ebook you'll examine of John Eck, who debated Luther in 1519. He devised a chain of contracts that sidestepped usury legislation, and German bankers made a fortune from this Triple agreement. Sorensen additionally recounts how Voltaire set himself up for all times by way of exploiting a fallacy within the building of a Parisian lottery. there's good judgment for altruists, too. you'll find how common Benjamin Butler used other-centric reasoning to guard runaway slaves. There are ancient snapshots of common sense in motion, and the publication includes tributes to Lewis Carroll, Arthur previous, and Peter Geach. as well as brief essays, there are dialogues, treatments and insults."--Goodreads.com. Read more...
summary: "A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful choice of puzzles and paradoxes, either historic and modern, via thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking thought from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled fascinating "maths" from outdoor the school room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual help whilst learn in clusters. the quantity levels from easy examples to anomalous anomalies, considers facts that turns out to verify a generalization whereas decreasing its likelihood, and argues that we're doomed to think infinitely many contradictions-and that the discomfort of contradictions will be profoundly stimulating. inside of this publication you are going to study of John Eck, who debated Luther in 1519. He devised a series of contracts that sidestepped usury legislation, and German bankers made a fortune from this Triple agreement. Sorensen additionally recounts how Voltaire set himself up for all times by means of exploiting a fallacy within the building of a Parisian lottery. there's common sense for altruists, too. you can find how normal Benjamin Butler used other-centric reasoning to guard runaway slaves. There are old snapshots of common sense in motion, and the publication comprises tributes to Lewis Carroll, Arthur past, and Peter Geach. as well as brief essays, there are dialogues, treatments and insults."--Goodreads.com
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Additional info for A cabinet of philosophical curiosities: a collection of puzzles, oddities, riddles and dilemmas
Amartya Sen does not speak up for them! A 100 million missing people is a tragedy. A 100 nonillion missing people is a statistic. Child Proof I child-proofed my house – but they keep getting in! Children are born empiricists. A little boy demonstrated that Styrofoam weighs nothing by placing some in my hand. A little girl showed me that I could hear the ocean by having me listen to her seashell. Sigmund Freud recalls one of these powerful empirical demonstrations: When I was six years old, and receiving my first lessons from my mother, I was expected to believe that we are made of dust, and must, therefore, return to dust.
In later versions, from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century, the couples become husbands and wives. The husbands are so jealous that they will not trust their wives in the presence of another man even if the man’s wife is also present! Some tried to vary the problem by increasing the number of couples to four. But then there is no solution. This led to the postulation of an island. Further variations subtract arms so that certain parties cannot serve as rowers. In the nineteenth century, husbands and wives become missionaries and cannibals.
As did my composure. The students began to laugh at me. Softly at first, then louder and louder. My voice cracking, I once again asked them to insert the NOT. This merely amplified their swirling derision. I could hardly hear myself think! Blood rushed to my cheeks. My mouth ran dry. I racked my brains for the most probable hypothesis. ’ And I was. ’ V. R. Ormerod The following joke should have a warning label: ‘Hazardous to Logicians’. The joke lures them into misclassifying a valid inference as invalid.