A Glossary of Political Theory by John Hoffman

By John Hoffman

This publication covers alphabetically either the foremost suggestions in political concept and the major writers within the box. whereas making sure accuracy and objectivity, the entries symbolize interpretations which are either difficult and engaging. the basis underlying the ebook is that politics can't be studied with out thought, during which case the extra concrete and appropriate the speculation, the higher. offering idea in an summary type makes it daunting for college students who can locate it tough to determine the hyperlinks among conception and perform. The definitions during this thesaurus as a result relate political principles to political realities (i.e. daily controversies) in an try and lead them to as vigorous, stimulating and available as attainable. phrases are chosen established upon the innovations so much usually utilized in educating.

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Eurocommunists argued that the concept of the dictatorship of the proletariat, like the theory of dialectical materialism, was dogmatic and authoritarian. They turned to Gramsci in particular for a view of Marxism that emphasised the importance of morality, and respect for the liberal tradition. See also: Gramsci Further reading: Claudin 1978 M537 - HOFFMAN TXT M_UP 52 13/12/06 1:22 PM Page 52 Gary Gary's G4:Users:Gary: POLITICAL THEORY A–Z F Fabianism The doctrine of a society formed in Britain in 1884, and named after the Roman consul, Fabius, who was famed for his gradualist and step-by-step tactics.

The emphasis upon the individual, characteristic of liberalism, has given way to a recognition that people belong to communities. There is however a danger of privileging one community over others, since this expresses a community identity at the expense of an individual’s right to choose. Marx described the state as an ‘illusory community’ on the grounds that it presented its partisan interests in spuriously universalistic terms, and it is clear that unless a person sees themselves as belonging to numerous communities (as most communitarians acknowledge), there is a danger that the notion of community will imprison rather than liberate the individual.

In 1958–9 Chomsky was in residence at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, and in the following years he delivered a number of key memorial lectures. He has received honorary degrees from many universities. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and M537 - HOFFMAN TXT M_UP 13/12/06 1:22 PM Page 25 Gary Gary's G4:Users:Gary: POLITICAL THEORY A–Z 25 Sciences and the National Academy of Science, and has received a number of honours both for his contribution to linguistic theory and his work for peace.

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