By Paul Rouzer
40 classes designed to introduce starting scholars to the elemental styles and buildings of Classical chinese language are taken from a couple of pre-Han and Han texts chosen to provide scholars a grounding in exemplary Classical chinese language variety. extra classes use texts from later sessions to aid scholars take pleasure in the alterations in written chinese language over the centuries. each one lesson involves a textual content, a vocabulary record that includes discussions of which means and utilization, reasons of grammar, and explications of adverse passages. the normal sleek chinese language, jap, and Korean pronunciations are indicated for every personality, making this a studying software for local audio system of these languages besides. Appendices provide feedback for extra readings, evaluate universal and demanding phrases, clarify the novel method, and supply jap kanbun readings for the entire choices. Glossaries of all vocabulary goods and pronunciation indexes for contemporary chinese language and Korean also are integrated.
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Extra resources for A New Practical Primer of Literary Chinese (Harvard East Asian Monographs)
When writers wished to describe the manner in which something was said, they often put a verb before 曰. For example, 對曰, "replied, saying 1…”; 笑曰, "laughed, saying…”; and so forth. ” Unfortunately, these guides do not help one determine when a quotation ends. In the story above, it's impossible to know how long the proverb is that 管仲 quotes. We know that he is speaking about himself when he says 臣計棄身; but, is the proverb itself only 酒入舌出, or does it include the two phrases that follow it as well?
2. All, the whole, every, [adverb] Radical 12 (八). 108. 酒 M: jiǔ J: shu シュ, sake さけ K: ju 주 C: jáu 1. Alcoholic beverage. 2. Banquet, [figurative usage] This character has usually been translated as “wine,” but you should keep in mind that alcoholic beverages at this time were probably brewed from grainsthat is，they were closer to beer. Fermented rice beverages (like Japanese sake) and strong distilled beverages were not made until much later. Radical 164 (酉,”fermented millet"). 109. 期 M: qī J: ki キ, go ゴ K: gi 기 C: kèih 1.
This character is a near synonym for 順(40). The text uses it here for variety's sake. Radical 6o(彳). 44. 理 M: lǐ J: ri リ, kotowari ことわり K: li 리 , i 이 C: léih Principles; pattern, rationale; to straighten, to arrange, to put in order. In much later Chinese philosophythe—Neo-Confucianism that began in the eleventh century—this character was used to represent the cosmic order and the pattern of things. In the early period, its meaning is somewhat more modest and can be anything from the stripes on a tiger to the right way to do something.