A Short History of Society: The Making of the Modern World by Mary Evans

By Mary Evans

''A exceptional inquiry into tradition and society over a few seven centuries, Mary Evans explores the origins and trajectories of modernity from the Reformation in the course of the Enlightenment to the modern interval. Her highbrow keep watch over of complicated rules and various different types of facts is continually amazing. Exploring a number of pessimistic, dystopian strands in ecu views on modernity by way of Friedrich Nietzsche, Max Weber and Theodor Adorno, she defends a balanced view of either the adverse and optimistic outcomes of modernization. this can be old sociology at its most sensible: sensible, theoretically educated, rigorously crafted, grounded in empirical examine, and peculiarly intellectually smart. a brief heritage of Society will end up to be a worthy significant other to the scholar who wishes a concise scholarly and sociological evaluate of modernity.'' Bryan Turner, nationwide college of Singapore

a quick heritage of Society is a concise account of the emergence of recent western society. It seems at how successive generations have understood and defined the realm within which they lived, and examines major occasions because the Enlightenment that experience ended in the improvement of society as we all know it at the present time. The e-book spans the interval 1500 to the current day and discusses the social international by way of either its politics and its culture.

This booklet is perfect for undergraduate scholars within the social sciences who're at a loss for words by means of the myriad of occasions and theories with which their classes are involved, and who want a historic viewpoint at the adjustments that formed the modern international.

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For the British, Napoleon (and the much reorganized French state and its army) became a genuine figure of fear at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth century, and a generation of men, on either a voluntary or a forced basis, were much concerned with military exercises against him. But what we need to consider, in looking back at the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, is the extent to which the great political events for which these centuries are known (the execution of Charles I, the Glorious Revolution in 1688, the Declaration of Independence and the French Revolution), together with the great works produced in the course of the Enlightenment, actually impinged on the lives of the majority of the citizens of Europe of those centuries.

De Tocqueville was to go on to express amazement at the degree of social democracy in the United States, an absence of the sense of the social hierarchy, which in his view had never disappeared from Europe. It would appear from the work of de Tocqueville (and other travellers across the Atlantic in the early nineteenth century) that the new society being formed in the United States was a genuinely different one from that of Europe. This perception of the United States has led various writers to suggest that the United States was the true political result of the Enlightenment, since the French Revolution, and the French revolutionary government, had been quite rapidly replaced by the more socially conservative policies of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821) and his successors.

The material world of the seventeenth, and indeed much of the eighteenth century, had taken no similarly great leap forward. H. Plumb wrote of England at the beginning of the eighteenth century in profound horror at the conditions of squalor, want and disease in which the majority of the population lived. Thus he observed that, whilst the majority of the population lived and worked on the land, there were some towns. However, he wrote, ‘The first noticeable thing about these towns would have been the stench.

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