Advice For a Young Investigator by Santiago Ramón y Cajal

By Santiago Ramón y Cajal

Santiago Ramon y Cajal used to be a mythic determine in technology. Hailed because the father of contemporary anatomy and neurobiology, he used to be principally chargeable for the trendy notion of the mind. His groundbreaking works have been New principles at the constitution of the anxious procedure and H istology of the anxious method in guy and Vertebrates. as well as leaving a legacy of unheard of clinical learn, Cajal sought to teach the amateur scientist approximately how technological know-how used to be performed and the way he notion it's going to be performed. This lately rediscovered vintage, first released in 1897, is an anecdotal advisor for the puzzled new investigator in addition to a fresh source for the outdated pro.

Cajal used to be a pragmatist, conscious of the pitfalls of being too idealistic -- and he had a feeling of humor, fairly glaring in his diagnoses of assorted stereotypes of eccentric scientists. The e-book covers every little thing from useful character characteristics for an investigator to social components conducive to clinical paintings.

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Heroes and scholars represent the opposite extremes of energy production and yet are equally necessary for the progress and well-being of humanity. However, the importance of their work is quite different. The scholar struggles for the beneªt of all humanity, sometimes to reduce physical effort, sometimes to reduce pain, and sometimes to postpone death, or at least render it more bearable. CHP P. CHP P. 42 Chapter 3 the patriot sacriªces a rather substantial part of humanity for the sake of his own prestige.

History teaches of the occasional great discoveries made by those with ordinary minds and memory ably used, rather than by those with superior abilities. Great scientiªc innovators such as Helmholtz have complained of bad memory—of how learning prose by rote is akin to torture! As compensation, those with Beginner’s Traps 25 short memories for words and phrases seem to enjoy excellent retention of ideas and logical arguments. And Locke has pointed out that those endowed with great genius and a facile memory do not always excel in judgment.

The forging of new truth almost always requires severe abstention and renunciation. During the so-called intellectual incubation period, the investigator should ignore everything unrelated to the problem of interest, like a somnambulist attending only to the voice of the hypnotist. In the lecture room, on walks, in the theater, in conversation, and even in reading for pleasure, seek opportunities for insight, comparisons, and hypotheses that add at least some clarity to the problem one is obsessed with.

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