By Paul Arthur Schilpp
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Time's 'Man of the Century', Albert Einstein is the unquestioned founding father of glossy physics. His conception of relativity is crucial medical notion of the trendy period. during this brief ebook Einstein explains, utilizing the minimal of mathematical phrases, the fundamental rules and rules of the speculation which has formed the area we are living in this day.
Written through the fellow thought of the "Person of the Century" by way of Time journal, this isn't a glimpse into Einstein's own lifestyles, yet an extension and elaboration into his considering on technology. of the good theories of the actual global have been created within the early twentieth century: the speculation of relativity and quantum mechanics.
A couple of eminent Russian theoretical physicists supply an enthralling view of the paradoxes inherent to the distinct idea of relativity. Written in a simple type, the textual content makes use of widely used gadgets (e. g. , trains, rulers, and clocks) to light up the extra refined and elusive points of relativity.
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Additional resources for Albert Einstein: Philosopher-scientist
B), which corresponds to the theorem of addition for velocities in one direction according to the theory of relativity. The question now arises as to which of these two theorems is the better in accord with experience. On this point we are enlightened by a most important experiment which the brilliant physicist Fizeau performed more than half a century ago, and which has been repeated since then by some of the best experimental physicists, so that there can be no doubt about its result. The experiment is 41 42 special theory of relativity concerned with the following question.
Experience has led to the conviction that, on the one hand, the principle of relativity holds true and that on the other hand the velocity of transmission of light in vacuo has to be considered equal to a constant c. By uniting these two postulates we obtained the law of transformation for the rectangular co-ordinates x, y, z and the time t of the events which constitute the processes of nature. In this connection we did not obtain the Galilei transformation, but, diﬀering from classical mechanics, the Lorentz transformation.
A. Lorentz on the electrodynamical and optical phenomena connected with moving bodies show that experience in this domain leads conclusively to a theory of electromagnetic phenomena, of which the law of the constancy of the velocity of light in vacuo is a necessary consequence. Prominent theoretical physicists were therefore more inclined to reject the principle of relativity, in spite of the fact that no empirical data had been found which were contradictory to this principle. At this juncture the theory of relativity entered the arena.