Animal Memory by Werner K. Honig and P. H. R. James (Eds.)

By Werner K. Honig and P. H. R. James (Eds.)

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Considering the rather large number of subjects run (18 per group), this negative result is of some importance; either there is no effect or, if it does exist, it is so minor as to be submerged in the statistical noise. 2. Varied vs. Constant Training in the Lever Box A similar experiment was performed comparing the effect of constant and varied experience in the lever box. 7H 8 —1— 10 Acquisition Trials 12 —I Ί5" 16 Test Trials Fig. 1 1 . Acquisition and retention of runway performance for groups run under constant ( o - - o) and variable ( · — # ) stimulus conditions during acquisition (mean total times).

The effect of activity upon learning and retention in the cockroach, (Periplaneta americana). American Journal of Psychology, 1946, 59, 1-58. Mote, F. , & Finger, F. W. The retention of a simple running response after varying amounts of reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1943, 33, 3 1 7 - 3 2 2 . , & Weyant, R. G. The interval between training and test trials as determiner of the slope of generalization gradients. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 1958, 5 1 , 5 9 6 - 6 0 0 .

Under these condirions, S must inhibit (and presumably extinguish) a previous approach tendency while learning the second task; given the possibility of extinction, there is the possibility of eventual spontaneous ^ Kehoe argued that with the correction method, the correct response is learned rather quickly and gains ascendancy over the competing habits before these are completely extinguished. In contrast, the noncorrection method assures a more thorough extinction of the inappropriate response by the time the criterion has been reached.

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