By Richard Xiao †, Tony McEnery
Chinese language, as a facet language, has performed a big function within the improvement of element thought. This publication is a scientific and based exploration of the linguistic units that Mandarin chinese language employs to specific aspectual meanings. The paintings awarded this is the 1st corpus-based account of point in chinese language, encompassing either state of affairs element and point of view element. In utilizing corpus info, the e-book seeks to accomplish a wedding among theory-driven and corpus-based ways to linguistics. The corpus-based version provided explores element at either the semantic and grammatical degrees. on the semantic point a two-level version of state of affairs element is proposed, which covers either the lexical and sentential degrees, therefore giving a greater account of the compositional nature of scenario point. on the grammatical point 4 perfective and 4 imperfective features in chinese language are explored intimately. This exploration corrects many intuition-based misconceptions, and linked deceptive conclusions, approximately point in chinese language universal within the literature.
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Additional info for Aspect In Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study (Studies in Language Companion Series)
These diVerences, nevertheless, are not inherent in situation aspect. 3). Viewpoint aspect, on the other hand, varies signiWcantly between languages, because it is primarily a grammatical concept, and grammars vary across languages. ” Therefore, while viewpoint aspects such as the perfective and the imperfective may have more or less the same or similar function crosslinguistically (cf. 4), their forms may diVer radically. For example, although perfectives in both English and Russian construe a situation as a whole, the English perfectives take the non-progressive form whereas their Russian counterparts take the form of derived preWxed verbs (cf.
Although ‘event type’ and ‘situation type’ are frequently used interchangeably in the literature, they are used diVerently in this book. Event is used as a term for a dynamic situation in opposition to a state, and situation is preferred as a term inclusive of both event and state. With these deWnitions in place, we can return to the examples under consideration. The situation described in these two sentences refers to the same building event, but is presented from diVerent perspectives. (2a) presents the event in its entirety, implying that the garden was built to completion; in contrast, (2b) focuses only on the progressive part of the event with no information as to its completion.
The beacon Xashed 5 times in a row. The beacon kept Xashing 5 times at a stretch. The beacon Xashed 5 times at a stretch for 3 hours. The successive process is shown by sentences (4a) to (4e) as follows: (4a) bounded → (4b) unbounded → (4c) bounded → (4d) unbounded → (4e) bounded. Thus, (4a), (4c) and (4e) are perfective whereas (4b) and (4d) are imperfective. Here Zhang is clearly conXating viewpoint aspect with situation aspect by substituting the concept of perfectivity with that of boundedness.