By Rob Tripp
This booklet addresses the ongoing controversy over the capability influence of genetically changed (GM) plants in constructing nations. Supporters of the expertise declare it deals the best hopes for expanding agricultural creation and lowering rural poverty, whereas rivals see it as an untested intervention that may convey company keep an eye on of peasant farming. The publication examines the problems via reviewing the event of GM, insect-resistant cotton, the main extensively grown GM crop in constructing countries. Read more...
content material: Biotechnology and agricultural improvement / Robert Tripp --
Cotton creation and know-how / Robert Tripp --
improvement, agronomic functionality and sustainability of transgenic cotton for insect keep an eye on / Ann M. Showalter ... [et al.] --
Transgenic cotton : assessing fiscal functionality within the box / Robert Tripp --
Transgenic cotton and institutional functionality / Robert Tripp --
Farmers' seed and pest regulate administration for Bt cotton in China / Jikun Huang ... [et al.] --
India's event with Bt cotton: case stories from Gujarat and Maharashtra / N. Lalitha, Bharat Ramaswami, and P.K. Viswanathan --
The socio-economic effect of transgenic cotton in Colombia / Patricia Zambrano ... [et al.] --
Ten years of Bt cotton in South Africa : placing the smallholder adventure into context / Marnus Gouse.
Read or Download Biotechnology and agricultural development : transgenic cotton, rural institutions and resource-poor farmers PDF
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Extra info for Biotechnology and agricultural development : transgenic cotton, rural institutions and resource-poor farmers
First, farmers are not infallible. In the early 1900s, maize farmers in the USA sought seed of varieties that won annual ‘corn shows’ for the size and uniformity of their ears, believing these would give the highest yields. The popularity of these contests waned only when it was shown that the winners were not necessarily the most productive varieties (Wallace and Brown 1988). Second, farmers can only make choices based on the information at hand; if this is insufficient, their choices may be flawed.
The discovery of the Haber– Bosch process in the early twentieth century facilitated both increased agricultural yields and the production of explosives for war-time Germany (Leigh 2004). The discovery stimulated the expansion of the fertilizer industry after the First World War, but its growth was relatively slow, with four million tons of artificial fertilizer produced in 1940. The following decades saw a stronger expansion, with 40 million tons in use by 1965 and 140 million tons by 1990 (McNeill 2000).
Second, farmers can only make choices based on the information at hand; if this is insufficient, their choices may be flawed. For instance, farmers’ lack of capacity to test alternatives for pest control may lead them to over-invest in what they see as risk-reducing pesticides. Third, technologies that provide attractive short-term returns may have negative externalities over the long run; the pesticide treadmill is one of the more prominent examples. Fourth, it is important to recognize that a technology need only be marginally superior in order to achieve widespread uptake; there is a distinction between a technology’s prevalence and its relative importance (Edgerton 2006).