By Lisa J. Servon
Bridging the electronic Divide investigates difficulties of unequal entry to info know-how. the writer redefines this challenge, examines its severity, and lays out what the long run implications may be if the electronic divide maintains to exist.
- Examines unequal entry to info expertise within the United States.
- Analyses the luck or failure of rules designed to deal with the electronic divide.
- Draws on wide fieldwork in different US cities.
- Makes strategies for destiny public policy.
- Series editor: Manuel Castells.
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Additional info for Bridging the Digital Divide: Technology, Community, and Public Policy
For example, there is a large gap between telephone penetration rates on Indian reservations relative to the rest of the United States. 25 Not surprisingly, Native Americans also trail in computer and Internet access. 26 The 2000 NTIA report did not 23 24 25 26 Baretto et al. (2000). Baretto et al. (2000). US Department of Commerce (1999a). US Department of Commerce (1999a). 27 The gap in access to information technologies mirrors other infrastructure gaps that Native Americans have historically faced (for example, to healthcare, public services, roads, etc).
6 percent of households had Internet access. 2 percent had Internet access. 1) The most recent data on overall Internet usage rates comes from the Pew Internet & American Life Project and looks at individuals rather than households. 6 percent of individuals surveyed by Pew had Internet access. Given these dramatic improvements in penetration rates, why has so much attention been paid to the digital divide? 13 In some cases, the gap between groups is widening. The following discussion takes a closer look at the many dimensions of the digital divide.
Those that have crossed the digital divide have found reasons to do so. All of these factors – cost, infrastructure, discrimination, policy, and culture – interact with each other to keep certain groups from being able to participate fully in the information society. Rationale for Closing the Gap Narrowing the digital divide is important for political, economic, and social reasons. 1. 21 Lloyd (1998: 1). 22 Chapman and Rhodes (1997). 23 Carvin (2000: 5). 24 Correspondence with John Horrigan. See also Temin and Galambos (1989) and Horwitz (1989).