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Additional resources for Burning Plasma: Bringing a Star to Earth
An extrapolation from present experiments to the effective size of an energyproducing reactor entails substantial uncertainty, which can, however, be reduced NEXT STEPS FOR THE FUSION SCIENCE PROGRAM by studying a burning plasma experiment. The increase in effective plasma size at high plasma temperature is predicted to modify many phenomena that can determine the level of fusion power produced in a reactor. Understanding these effects is not feasible in the smaller-scale8 fusion experiments that are available to the scientific community today.
Turbulent transport. Understanding the transport in high-confinement mode (H-mode) discharges could lead to increases in energy gain and/or to operation at reduced current and magnetic field. • Edge-localized modes (ELMs). Understanding of these modes is needed in order to mitigate their effects on plasma-facing components, especially in the burning plasma regime. • Stabilizing neoclassical tearing modes. Controlling these high-pressure instabilities will expand the operation space of burning plasmas.
The integration of these varied tools and characteristics into a self-consistent scenario is a major focus of research. AT experiments in smaller facilities with a range of control tools and plasma-shape capabilities will complement and guide the AT studies in the burning plasma program and in ITER itself. • Test the effects of extreme toroidicity in the spherical torus. , the hole in the center of the torus is reduced to a small fraction of the plasma radius). The study of ST plasmas is of interest because it challenges tokamak-based physics understanding at the limits of toroidicity and shaping and provides access to plasmas of very high relative pressure and high fraction of self-generated currents.