Catalysis: Science and Technology by E. E. Donath (auth.), Dr. John R. Anderson, Professor Michel

By E. E. Donath (auth.), Dr. John R. Anderson, Professor Michel Boudart (eds.)

A cursory exam of the present medical and technological literature is enough to exhibit the big curiosity within the chance of manufacturing liquid fuels from coal. There are, in fact, a couple of ways that coal liquefaction should be effected. a few of the vital steps are catalytic. The direct liquefaction path, that's, coal hydrogenation, has an extended historical past with origins within the early years of this century. It additionally has the excellence of being a technique which was operated on a really huge scale and which, having died, now exhibits each prospect of resurrection. The expertise which ultimately emerges will without doubt fluctuate considerably from the unique perform, however it ·is good for these presently operating within the box to pay attention to the achievements of the earlier. Dr. E. Donath, who used to be for my part concerned through the heroic years of coal hydrogenation, has provid­ ed an ancient account of the topic as much as the time instantly following international battle II, whilst the big scale approach all started its fast decline to oblivion. techniques related to catalytic oxidation shape a truly huge and significant a part of chemical undefined. The reactions concerned are very diverse, starting from the classical oxidation procedures of heavy undefined, similar to the oxidation of sulfur dioxide or of ammonia, to selective oxidations designed to supply particular natural items from a variety of chances. The bankruptcy by way of Professor G. K.

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Congr. Vol. 2, p. 282 (1933) 5. Hughes, T. : Technological momentum in history: Hydrogenation in Germany 1898 to 1933. Past and Present No. 44, August 1969, p. 106. The Past and Present Society 6. : Zeit. Angew. Chern. 44, 953 (1931): also presented at 3rd Internat. Coal Conf. Pittsburgh, 1931. Also German Patents 608, 466; 609, 538; 619, 739; 633, 185; 643,141; 651, 203; 664, 563: all assigned to IG Farbenindustrie 7. French Patent 612, 504 (1925); German Patent 608, 467 (1926): both assigened to IG Farbenindustrie 8.

Middle and heavy oil from bituminous coal: operation at 700 bar with iron catalyst Main Products: Middle Oil/ % Heavy Oil/% Temperature/K Coal Throughput/kg 1- 1 h- 1 Slurry Oil: Haevy Oil/ % Middle Oil/ % Coal Liquefaction/ % maf coal Product rate/kg 1- 1 M. O. O. Total Off-Gas/ %C of liquefied C Asphaltenes/ % in hot separator bottoms H. O. 3 Middle Oil Dist. 4 603 513 Vac. 573 (87 . 4) Vac. 01 25 History of Catalysis in Coal Liquefaction Table 12. 05. 9 473~513 35 69 100 Increasing the removal of asphaltene-rich heavy oil permits operation with iron catalysts at 300 bar pressure.

11, 278 (1869) 2. : Abhandl. Kohle 2,154 (1917) 3. : German Patent 301, 231 (1919) 38 Chapter I: E. E. Donath 4. : Proc. World Pet. Congr. Vol. 2, p. 282 (1933) 5. Hughes, T. : Technological momentum in history: Hydrogenation in Germany 1898 to 1933. Past and Present No. 44, August 1969, p. 106. The Past and Present Society 6. : Zeit. Angew. Chern. 44, 953 (1931): also presented at 3rd Internat. Coal Conf. Pittsburgh, 1931. Also German Patents 608, 466; 609, 538; 619, 739; 633, 185; 643,141; 651, 203; 664, 563: all assigned to IG Farbenindustrie 7.

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